Peruvian Skulls
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The Peruvian Skulls 


Ancient Astronauts
Fallen Angels... 

These unusually shaped skulls were photographed by Robert Connolly on his trip around the world during which he was collecting materials about ancient civilizations. Robert Connolly published his photographs on a CD-ROM, titled The Search For Ancient Wisdom, Cambrix, 1-80 10-992-8781. 

Since we unfortunately just have Connolly's photographs, it's very difficult to suggest any date or serious race assessment. Connolley has divided the skulls into four different groups, given the names: "conehead," "jack-o-lantern" or "J," the "M,". The names are based on the shape of the skull, except the first and possibly earliest type of skull, which he calls "premodern". 


Skull binding - not an explanation to the size 

When some of these pictures were posted on CompuServe, the majority of people assumed that they represented an example of binding of the head, well known to be in fashion in ancient Nubia, Egypt and other cultures. The skull binding was a primitive practice in which a person's head was tightly bound with cloth or leather straps throughout his lifetime, causing the skull to grow in this dramatic way. 

Anthropologists however have admitted that the shapes of the Peruvian skulls is unlike the deformity caused by binding. 

The skulls shouldn't exist 

The skulls are a real problem for the anthropologist. 

The frontal part of the skull seems to belong to an individual of the pre-Neanderthal family. But the lower jaw, though more robust than modern human type, has a modern shape and characteristics. The shape of the cranium is completely different from Homo Erectus, Neanderthal types, and the modern human type. Some minor Neanderthal characteristics are present, as with the occipital ridge on the bottom back of the skull and the flattened bottom of the cranium, but other characteristics point more towards Homo Erectus. 

What a representative of a premodern human type is doing on the South American continent? 

According to the orthodox anthropology, this skull simply does not exist, because it cannot be. Textbooks' oldest date of appearance of humans in North America is about 35000 BCE and much later for South America, based on the diffusion theory assumptions. 

Neanderthals did not exist in South America. The only accepted human types entering the continent are of the modern anatomy. 

Evidence of ancient brain surgery 

Some skulls show the evidence of ancient brain surgery that prove their ancestors possessed certain abilities that modern science has just recently discovered. 

Plenty of skulls in the area of the Nazca desert 

Peruvian government said that these unusual skulls could be found in many museums in Peru and excavations were uncovering them even now near the Nazca Plateau. These skulls are so numerous in the area of the Nazca desert that you can find small makeshift museums in the backyards of the locals. They dug up their ancestors so you can view their remains for a small fee. 

In Mexico there are the same types of skulls in a museum in Merida, a city close to the ruins of Palenque. 

So why hasn't anyone taken the photographs earlier and showed it to the rest of the world? 

According to the Peruvian church leaders the skulls are a work of devil and the offspring of the fallen angels in the Bible. 

When President Fujimori took power in Peru, he had decided to allow the skulls to be photographed and has brought them to the attention of the world. 

The above skull was also photographed by Robert Connolly. It has extraordinarily large cranium and eye sockets. The eye sockets are about 15 percent larger than a modern human's. Yet more significant and interesting is the enormity of the cranial vault. The estimated cranial capacity ranges between minimum of 2600 ccm to 3200 ccm. 

The largest skull documented in the medical literature had the cranial capacity of 1980 ccm, however, the shape of the skull was normal. 

The possibility that the skulls were deformed due to a disease, has been ruled out. Such deformities would not selectively distort the cranium with out also changing the shape of the facial bones and jaw. 

It is likely that the skull belongs to a representative of an unknown premodern human or humanoid type. 

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Copyright 2010 Tim Stouse
Last modified: December 10, 2010
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